The Delhi Minority Commission, a government-appointed body formed to promote the rights of religious minorities in India, said that Delhi police failed to protect Muslims protesting against the controversial citizenship law during the communal riots that took place this year.

Dozens of protesters (mostly Muslims) were killed and hundreds were injured in the worst communal violence that rocked the Indian capital after it introduced the incendiary Citizenship Amendment Act a few months ago.

The commission presented its fact-finding report, which stated that Muslim properties and assets such as homes, vehicles, and shops were selectively targeted during the rioting period, showing bias against only one minority group.

In the report, the commission pointed out several incidents where Delhi police officers were present as a spectator, whose inaction led to an exacerbation of the riots.

The report said that in all, 11 mosques, five madrasas or religious schools, a Muslim shrine and a graveyard were attacked.

It is pertinent to mention that the incident coincided with the visit of US President Donald Trump at the beginning of 2020.

Controversial law and protests

Last year, the Indian government introduced the Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA), which makes it easier for non-Muslims from the neighbouring countries of Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan who came to India before 2015 to gain Indian citizenship.

Thousands of people had protested, saying the law was anti-Muslim and a part of the measures by Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s Hindu hardliner government to marginalise the Muslim community.

“This bill is in line with India’s centuries-old ethos of assimilation and belief in humanitarian values,” Prime Minister Narendra Modi had tweeted after the bill was passed, adding that he was “delighted” about its passage. But to Muslim organizations, rights groups and others, the law is part of Modi’s push to marginalize India’s 200-million-strong Muslim minority.